Ancestor: an organism from which others have evolved. In humans, a relative from whom one is descended, who lived at least several generations ago.
Dexterity: skill doing tasks that are delicate, usually meaning with the hands.
Flexible: able to bend easily without breaking.
This experiment will test the dexterity and flexibility of our hands.
Our fingers let us do many things easily and precisely. We can get food, make tools, and play with toys. When you put on the mitts and try to build a structure, you will get a sense of how hard it would be to do things that we do every day if our hands were shaped differently.
The human body has evolved through time in response to our environment. Before human hands evolved to their modern form, our hominin ancestors began walking upright. This left their arms and hands free to carry things and make tools. Tools provided our ancestors with a great advantage, and so human hands—and brains—continued to evolve to allow tool use. The need for us to use tools is the reason our hands are so flexible.
1. Put on the oven mitts or mittens, making sure that you cannot touch your thumb to your individual fingers.
2. Take the blocks and attempt to build the Lego structure in the pictures below.
3. Now, take off your mitts and try to build the structure again.
From this experiment, we learned that our hands are very flexible—when not wearing mitts. The flexibility of our hands allows us to accomplish tasks that other animals can’t, like building this structure.
Many other animals don’t have hands like we do. They might have paws, hooves, or fins, which are better suited to the places they live and the things they do to survive. For example, dog paws and horse hooves are adapted for running quickly. They’re much faster than we are, but they can’t do delicate work like we can.
Our closest living relatives, chimpanzees, have hands and feet that are similar to ours, but with some key differences. Chimps use their hands when they walk on the ground, which is called knuckle walking. So, chimps have thicker finger bones and stiffer wrists to support their weight. They spend a lot time in trees, so they also have opposable toes (like thumbs) on their feet that let them easily climb and hold onto branches.
Amy Peterson. (2019, Feb 04). Hand Made. Retrieved January 18, 2021, from https://askananthropologist.asu.edu/experiments/hand-made
American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2nd printing, 2009.
For more info, see the APA citation guide.
Amy Peterson. "Hand Made." ASU - Ask An Anthropologist. Published February 4, 2019. Last modified January 23, 2020. https://askananthropologist.asu.edu/experiments/hand-made.
Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., 2017.
For more info, see the Chicago Manual citation guide.
Amy Peterson. Hand Made. ASU - Ask An Anthropologist. February 4, 2019, askananthropologist.asu.edu/experiments/hand-made. Accessed 2021 January 18.
Modern Language Association, 8th ed., 2016.
For more info, see the MLA citation guide.